About the author
LAKHMIR SINGH did his M.Sc. from Delhi University in 1969. Since then he has been teaching in Dyal Singh College of Delhi University, Delhi. He started writing books in 1980. Lakhmir Singh believes that book writing is just like classroom teaching. Though a book can never replace a teacher but it should make the student feel the presence of a teacher. Keeping this in view, he writes books in such a style that students never get bored reading his books. Lakhmir Singh has written more than 15 books so far on all the science subjects: Physics, Chemistry and Biology. He believes in writing quality books. He does not believe in quantity.
MANJIT KAUR did her B.Sc., B.Ed. from Delhi University in 1970. Since then she has been teaching in a reputed school of Directorate of Education, Delhi. Manjit Kaur is such a popular science teacher that all the students want to join those classes which she teaches in the school. She has a vast experience of teaching science to school children, and she knows the problems faced by the children in the study of science. Manjit Kaur has put all her teaching experience into the writing of science books. She has coauthored more than 15 books alongwith her husband, Lakhmir Singh. It is the team-work of Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur which has given some of the most popular books in the history of science education in India. Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur both write exclusively for the most reputed, respected and largest publishing house of India : S.Chand and Company Pvt. Ltd.
|PDF Name||S Chand Physics Class 10 PDF|
|No. of Pages||285 Pages|
|PDF Size||36.6 MB|
We would like to talk to you for a few minutes, just to give you an idea of some of the special features of this book. Before we go further, let us tell you that this book has been revised according to the NCERT syllabus prescribed by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) based on new “Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation” (CCE) pattern of school education. Just like our earlier books, we have written this book in such a simple style that even the weak students will be able to understand physics very easily. Believe us, while writing this book, we have considered ourselves to be the students of Class X and tried to make things as simple as possible. The most important feature of this revised edition of the book is that we have included a large variety of different types of questions as required by CCE for assessing the learning abilities of the students. This book contains :
- Very short answer type questions (including true-false type questions and fill in the blanks type questions),
- Short answer type questions
- Long answer type questions (or Essay type questions)
- Multiple choice questions (MCQs) based on theory
- Questions based on high order thinking skills (HOTS)
- Multiple choice questions (MCQs) based on practical skills in science
- NCERT book questions and exercises (with answers), and
- Value based questions (with answers).
Menu of the book:
1. ELECTRICITY 1 – 67
Types of Electric Charges ; SI Unit of Electric Charge : Coulomb ; Conductors and Insulators ; Electric Potential and Potential Difference ; Measurement of Potential Difference : Voltmeter ; Electric Current ; Measurement of Electric Current : Ammeter ; How to Get a Continuous Flow of Electric Current ; Direction of Electric Current ; How the Current Flows in a Wire ; Electric Circuits ; Symbols for Electrical Components (or Circuit Symbols) ; Circuit Diagrams ; Relationship Between Current and Potential Difference : Ohm’s Law ; Resistance of a Conductor ; Graph Between Potential Difference and Current (V–I Graph) ; Experiment to Verify Ohm’s Law ; Good Conductors, Resistors and Insulators ; Factors Affecting the Resistance of a Conductor ; Resistivity ; Combination of Resistances (or Resistors) in Series and Parallel ; Domestic Electric Circuits : Series or Parallel ; Electric Power ; Various Formulae for Calculating Electric Power ; Power–Voltage Rating of Electrical Appliances ; Commercial Unit of Electrical Energy : kilowatt-hour (kWh) ; Relation Between kilowatt-hour and Joule ; How to Calculate the Cost of Electrical Energy Consumed ; Heating Effect of Electric Current ; Applications of the Heating Effect of Electric Current.
2. MAGNETIC EFFECT OF ELECTRIC CURRENT 68 – 116
Magnetic Field and Magnetic Field Lines ; To Plot the Magnetic Field Pattern Due to a Bar Magnet ; Properties of the Magnetic Field Lines ; Magnetic Field of Earth; Magnetic Effect of Current ; Experiment to Demonstrate the Magnetic Effect of Current ; Magnetic Field Pattern Due to a Straight Current-Carrying Conductor ; Direction of Magnetic Field Produced by a Straight Current-Carrying Conductor : Right-Hand Thumb Rule and Maxwell’s Corkscrew Rule ; Magnetic Field Pattern Due to a Circular Loop (or Circular Wire) Carrying-Current ; Clock-Face Rule ; Magnetic Field Due to a Current-Carrying Solenoid ; Electromagnet ; Magnetism in Human Beings ; Force on Current-Carrying Conductor Placed in a Magnetic Field ; Fleming’s Left-Hand Rule for the Direction of Force ; Electric Motor ; Electromagnetic Induction : Electricity from Magnetism ; Fleming’s Right-Hand Rule for the Direction of Induced Current ; Direct Current and Alternating Current ; Electric Generator ; Domestic Electric Circuits ; Earthing of Electrical Appliances ; Short-Circuiting and Overloading ; Electric Fuse and Miniature Circuit Breakers (MCBs); Hazards of Electricity ; Precautions in the Use of Electricity.
3. SOURCES OF ENERGY 117 – 161
Non-Renewable Sources of Energy and Renewable Sources of Energy ; Fuels ; Calorific Value of Fuels ; Characteristics of an Ideal Fuel (or Good Fuel) ; Conventional Sources of Energy ; Fossil Fuels ; How Fossil Fuels Were Formed; Sun is the Ultimate Source of Fossil Fuels ; Coal, Petroleum and Natural Gas ; Thermal Power Plant ; Pollution Caused by Fossil Fuels ; Controlling Pollution Caused by Fossil Fuels ; Effects of Industrialisation ; Alternative Sources of Energy (Non-Conventional Sources of Energy) ; Hydroelectric Energy : Hydroelectric Power Plant ; Wind Energy : Wind Generator ; Solar Energy; Solar Energy Devices : Solar Cooker, Solar Water Heater and Solar Cells ; Biomass Energy : Biogas Plant ; Energy From the Sea : Tidal Energy, Sea-Waves Energy and Ocean Thermal Energy ; Geothermal Energy ; Nuclear Energy ; Nuclear Fission ; Nuclear Power Plant ; Nuclear Bomb (or Atom Bomb) ; Einstein’s Mass-Energy Relation ; Energy Units for Expressing Nuclear Energy ; Nuclear Fusion ; Hydrogen Bomb ; The Source of Sun’s Energy ; Advantages and Disadvantages of Nuclear Energy ; Environmental Consequences of the Increasing Demand for Energy ; How Long Will Energy Resources of Earth Last SECOND TERM
4. REFLECTION OF LIGHT 162 – 210
Luminous Objects and Non-Luminous Objects ; Nature of Light ; Reflection of Light ; Reflection of Light From Plane Surfaces : Plane Mirror ; Laws of Reflection of Light ; Regular Reflection and Diffuse Reflection of Light ; Objects and Images ; Real Images and Virtual Images ; Formation of Image in a Plane Mirror ; Lateral Inversion ; Uses of Plane Mirrors ; Reflection of Light From Curved Surfaces : Spherical Mirrors (Concave Mirror and Convex Mirror) ; Centre of Curvature, Radius of Curvature, Pole and Principal Axis of a Spherical Mirror ; Principal Focus and Focal Length of a Concave Mirror and Convex Mirror; Relation Between Radius of Curvature and Focal Length of a Spherical Mirror ; Rules for Obtaining Images Formed by Concave Mirrors ; Formation of Different Types of Images by a Concave Mirror ; Uses of Concave Mirrors ; Sign Convention for Spherical Mirrors ; Mirror Formula ; Linear Magnification Produced by Spherical Mirrors ; Numerical Problems Based on Concave Mirrors ; Rules for Obtaining Images Formed by Convex Mirrors ; Formation of Image by a Convex Mirror ; Uses of Convex Mirrors ; Numerical Problems Based on Convex Mirrors
5. REFRACTION OF LIGHT 211 – 263
Refraction of Light : Bending of Light ; Cause of Refraction of Light : Change in Speed of Light in Two Media ; Why a Change in Speed of Light Causes Refraction of Light ; Optically Rarer Medium and Optically Denser Medium ; Refraction of Light Through a Parallel-Sided Glass Slab ; Effects of Refraction of Light ; Laws of Refraction of Light and Refractive Index ; Relation Between Refractive Index and Speed of Light ; Refraction of Light by Spherical Lenses (Convex Lens and Concave Lens) ; Optical Centre and Principal Axis of a Lens ; Principal Focus and Focal Length of a Convex Lens and a Concave Lens ; Rules for Obtaining Images Formed by Convex Lenses ; Formation of Different Types of Images by a Convex Lens ; Uses of Convex Lenses ; Sign Convention for Spherical Lenses ; Lens Formula ; Magnification Produced by Lenses ; Numerical Problems Based on Convex Lenses ; Rules for Obtaining Images Formed by Concave Lenses ; Formation of Image by a Concave Lens ; Uses of Concave Lenses ; Numerical Problems Based on Concave Lenses ; Power of a Lens ; Power of a Combination of Lenses
6. THE HUMAN EYE AND THE COLOURFUL WORLD 264 – 298
The Human Eye ; Construction and Working of Eye ; The Function of Iris and Pupil ; Light Sensitive Cells in the Retina of Eye : Rods and Cones ; Accommodation ; Range of Vision of a Normal Human Eye ; Defects of Vision and Their Correction by Using Lenses ; Myopia (Short-Sightedness or NearSightedness) ; Hypermetropia (Long-Sightedness or Far-Sightedness); Presbyopia and Cataract ; Why Do We Have Two Eyes for Vision and Not Just One ; The Gift of Vision : Eye Donation ; Glass Prism ; Refraction of Light Through a Glass Prism ; Dispersion of Light ; Recombination of Spectrum Colours to Give White Light ; The Rainbow ; Atmospheric Refraction ; Effects of Atmospheric Refraction : Twinkling of Stars , The Stars Seem Higher Than They Actually Are and Advance Sunrise and Delayed Sunset ; Scattering of Light : Tyndall Effect ; The Colour of Scattered Light Depends on the Size of the Scattering Particles ; Effects of Scattering of Sunlight in the Atmosphere ; Why the Sky is Blue ; Why the Sun Appears Red at Sunrise and Sunset ; Experiment to Study the Scattering of Light
Other Books by Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur
1. Awareness Science for Sixth Class
2. Awareness Science for Seventh Class
3. Awareness Science for Eighth Class
4. Science for Ninth Class (Part 1) PHYSICS
5. Science for Ninth Class (Part 2) CHEMISTRY
6. Science for Tenth Class (Part 2) CHEMISTRY
7. Science for Tenth Class (Part 3) BIOLOGY
8. Rapid Revision in Science (A Question-Answer Book for Class X)
9. Science for Ninth Class (J & K Edition)
10. Science for Tenth Class (J & K Edition)
11. Science for Ninth Class (Hindi Edition) : PHYSICS and CHEMISTRY
12. Science for Tenth Class (Hindi Edition) : PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY and BIOLOGY
13. Saral Vigyan (A Question-Answer Science Book in Hindi for Class X)
Tips to learn the book
Read Actively: Approach the book with an active reading mindset. Engage with the text by highlighting key concepts, taking notes, and underlining important information. This will help you retain the information better and make it easier to revise later.
Understand the Concepts: Physics is a subject that requires a strong conceptual understanding. Take the time to grasp the underlying principles and theories presented in each chapter. If you encounter any difficulties, refer back to the explanations and examples provided in the book.
Practice Numerical Problems: Physics often involves solving numerical problems. Practice the numerical examples given in the book and attempt additional exercises at the end of each chapter. This will strengthen your problem-solving skills and help you apply the concepts learned.
Create Visual Aids: Physics concepts can be complex, and visual aids can greatly enhance understanding. Make use of diagrams, charts, and graphs to visualize the concepts and relationships between different variables. Create your own visual aids to supplement the illustrations provided in the book.
Discuss with Peers: Collaborate with your classmates and form study groups to discuss the book and clarify any doubts. Explaining concepts to others can deepen your own understanding, and group discussions can bring new perspectives to light.
Solve Previous Year Question Papers: Familiarize yourself with the exam pattern by solving previous year question papers. This will give you an idea of the types of questions asked and help you practice time management for the actual exam.
Seek Additional Resources: While the S Chand Physics Class 10 book is comprehensive, don’t limit yourself to just one resource. Explore other reference books, online tutorials, and educational websites to gain different perspectives and reinforce your understanding.
Review Regularly: Physics requires consistent effort and regular revision. Set aside dedicated time for reviewing previously covered chapters and concepts. This will help reinforce your knowledge and ensure that you retain the information for the long term.
Seek Help when Needed: If you encounter difficulties or have unanswered questions, don’t hesitate to seek help from your teacher or classmates. Physics can be challenging, and it’s important to address any confusion or misconceptions early on.
Stay Motivated and Curious: Physics is a fascinating subject that explains the fundamental principles of the natural world. Cultivate a sense of curiosity and maintain your motivation throughout the learning process. Remember the real-world applications of physics and how it connects to our daily lives.
By following these tips, you can effectively learn and master the content of S Chand Physics Class 10, building a strong foundation in physics and achieving success in your studies.
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