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Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English – 150 Word
Our loved Bapu whom we know as Mahatma Gandhi. He was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. Mahatma Gandhi’s father’s name is Karamchand Gandhi and mother’s name is Putlibai. The economic condition of Mahatma Gandhi’s house was mediocre. His father Karamchand Gandhi was the Dewan of Rajkot. He received his primary education in Porbandar and went to London for higher education. He completed his law studies there.
After some time he left for South Africa. He then returned to India, where he was disturbed by the dictatorship of British rule and decided to make his country independent. He started opposing the British government and participated in many movements. Because of this, even though he remained in jail many times, he always taught non-violence without resorting to violence and contributed indescribably to the liberation of our country.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English in 200 Words
Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar district of Gujarat. The full name of Mahatma Gandhi was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. His father Mr. Karamchand Gandhi was the diwan of a small princely state of Porbandar. The atmosphere of his house was of religious nature. This had a direct impact on the character of Mahatma Gandhi. He adopted the path of non-violence throughout his life and inspired people to give up the path of violence.
He was married at the age of 13 to Kasturba Gandhi. His education was completed in Porbandar, after which he passed his matriculation from Rajkot and went to London to study law. He always promoted education in his life and called Indian education as The Beautiful Tree. Mahatma Gandhi contributed a lot in the field of education. He believed that education should be imparted in the mother tongue of the student because education develops the human qualities of the child.
After practicing law, he came to India and was inspired to improve the conditions in India. He strongly opposed the British by adopting the path of peace, truth and non-violence and shook the roots of the British rule by starting the Satyagraha movement. He is called Father of the Nation for his contribution.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English in 500 Words
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. His father was the Dewan of Rajkot. His mother was a religious woman. He is called the father of the nation because of his active participation in the freedom struggle and his important role in the independence of the country.
He was first given this title by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. After passing his matriculation, Mahatma Gandhi went to England where he studied law. He then started working as a lawyer. He returned to India as a barrister and started practicing as a lawyer in Mumbai.
An Indian friend of his called Mahatma Gandhi to South Africa for legal advice. His political career started from here. After reaching South Africa, Gandhiji had a strange experience. There he saw how Indians were being discriminated against.
Once Gandhiji himself was thrown from a train by a white man because Gandhiji was traveling in first class at a time when only whites considered it their right to travel in that class. Gandhiji vowed from then on that he would fight for black people and Indians. He did many movements to improve the living conditions of the Indians living there. During the movement in South Africa he realized the importance of truth and non-violence.
He returned to India and saw the same conditions here as he had seen in South Africa. In 1920, he started civil disobedience and defied the British. In 1930, he founded the Non-Cooperation Movement and in 1942 he called for the British to leave India.
He went to jail many times during the movement. Ultimately, he succeeded and India became independent in 1947, but sadly a man named Nathuram Godse shot dead Mahatma Gandhi on 30 January 1948 when he was going to offer evening prayers.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in 1000 Words
Biography of Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat to a wealthy family. His father Karamchand Gandhi was Dewan of Porbandar. His mother Putlibai was a very pious woman. Mohandas was also influenced by the religious atmosphere at home, so he did not leave the side of religion even when he entered politics.
Gandhiji had his early education in a school in Porbandar. After the entrance exam, he was sent to Shyamaldas College in Bhavnagar for higher education, but he did not like it there. Later his brother Lakshmidas sent him to England for barrister education.
Even before going to England, she was married to Kasturba Gandhi at the age of thirteen. In 1891, Gandhiji returned home from England after passing the barrister and started practicing law in Bombay. Gandhiji’s social revolutionary career began in 1893 when he had to go to South Africa for a case. There he saw that the British were treating the Indians and the natives very badly. There British also insulted Gandhiji several times. As a result, he chose the path of satyagraha and non-violence to protest against the insults of the British.
As long as he was in South Africa, he continued to try to establish their human rights for Indians and blacks there. During her migration to Africa, she worked as a teacher to educate people, as a doctor to serve the poor, as an advocate for legal rights, and as a journalist to educate people. He wrote many books during his lifetime. ‘My Experiments with Truth’ is his world famous autobiography.
Gandhiji Started the Movement
The fame of Gandhiji’s work in South Africa had spread to India, so when he returned home, he was given a grand welcome by leaders like Gopalkrishna Gokhale and Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak. Gandhiji’s first important work in India was to liberate the indigo growers of Bihar’s Champaran district from the hands of the British. Gandhiji’s Satyagraha in 1917 ended the exploitation of farmers in Champaran.
To fulfill his mission in India, Gandhiji established the Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Then his struggle against the British government began and the reins of Indian politics somehow came into his hands. They knew that India could not gain independence from the strategically rich British government by force of stick and gun, so they took the support of the forces of truth and non-violence. Throughout his struggle he had to go to jail several times. In 1920 he started the non-cooperation movement to oppose the British.
When the British imposed a tax on salt, Gandhiji started his Dundee march on March 13, 1930 and after 24 days of the march broke the law by making salt with his own hands in Dundee and started the ‘Civil Disobedience’ movement. Meanwhile, he also went to England for the Gandhi-Irwin Pact, but the pact was broken due to the will of the British, as a result of which the movement continued till 1934.
During the Quit India Movement in 1942, he played an important role in the movement by raising the slogan ‘Do or Die’ to the people. India finally became independent on August 15, 1947 due to Gandhiji’s efforts. This era is named ‘Gandhi era’ because of Gandhiji’s role in the Indian national movement from 1920 to 1947.
Gandhiji’s Reforms and Thought
Apart from being a politician, Gandhiji did a lot of work as a social reformer to end casteism, untouchability, drug abuse, polygamy, purdah and communal discrimination. Gandhiji advocated Hindu-Muslim unity throughout his life, but he could not maintain this unity even after independence, so he was very sad when talk of partition of India started in the name of religion. He did not want partition, but the situation became such that partition could not be prevented.
Sadly, both Hindus and Muslims misunderstand Gandhiji. A fundamentalist Hindu organization also arose in India in response to radical Muslims. Even after the formation of Pakistan, Gandhi wanted to help Pakistan financially. Fundamentalist Hindu organizations opposed this policy of Gandhiji. On 30 January 1948, he was brutally shot by a man named Nathuram Godse while he was going to a prayer meeting. Thus this great priest of truth and non-violence met a sad end. Gandhiji encouraged Khadi and Charkha under his self-reliance policy. Also emphasis is placed on encouraging small and cottage industries and other rural industries.
Gandhiji may not be with us today, but his thought is relevant and guides the whole world. Gandhiji’s philosophy has four principles – truth, non-violence, love and harmony. He truly believed in God. He considered the worship of truth as devotion. The national phrase Satyameva Jayate taken from the Mundkopanishad is the source of Gandhiji. Gandhiji’s Ahimsa means non-injury by mind, word and deed. He was of the opinion that the search for truth is impossible without non-violence. Non-violence is the means and truth is the end. The pacifist Tolstoy (Russia) and Henry David Thoreau (America) were his role models.
Gandhi did not compromise on his principles. In the words of Kaka Kalelkar- “Gandhiji was the leader of equality of all religions. The principle of ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ was the main mantra of his life. He had love and respect for all religions in his heart, hence he was called ‘Bapu’ and ‘Father of Nations’.
According to Albert Einstein, “It is possible that future generations will scarcely believe that such a man as Mahatma Gandhi ever lived.”
To honor Gandhiji’s contribution, every year October 2 is celebrated as International Day of Non-Violence around the world and Gandhi Jayanti in India and the day is recognized as a national festival.
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