How to Become a Police Officer in India : Quick Facts 2023

Industry Crime and Investigation
Eligibility Class 12th board exams
Entrance Exams SSC, CSE and others
Top Recruiters CBI, CID and other government departments
Average Starting Salary INR 3.67 LPA
Highest Salary INR 24 LPA


Duration to Become a Police Officer It may take around 4 years to become a Police Officer, however, one’s designation and credentials play a determining factor in the duration to become one. After clearing class 12th board exams, candidates are eligible to join the IPS as Constable or Head Constable. Candidates with a bachelor’s degree are eligible to join the IPS as Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP), provided they clear the IPS Exam administered by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

Qualifications to Become a Police Officer To become a Police Officer, candidates must complete at least class 12 and have a bachelor’s degree with a minimum aggregate score of 45% from a recognized college or university. They need to clear entrance exams as per their choice of designations. Candidates should also meet physical criteria, clear the Police Officer’s Physical Abilities Test (POPAT), and fulfill height and weight requirements.

Types of Police Officers

There are various types of Police Officers in India, distinguished by their ranks, departments, and experience. Here are some major types:

Designation Job Profiles Average Annual Salary (INR)
Police Constable Gather information and collect evidence, patrol, detect crime, escort prisoners and VIPs, assist civil administrations 4.2 L
Sub Inspector Ensure effective working, detect and prevent crime, maintain peace, maintain registers in the police station 7.10 L
Assistant Police Inspector Supervise investigation, prevent or detect crime within jurisdiction 7.81 L
Inspector Supervise investigation under jurisdiction, train junior investigating officers, supervise official works 8 L
Deputy Superintendent of Police Execute duties, maintain law and order, supervise work of juniors, look after cases registered within jurisdiction 9.60 L
Deputy Commissioner of Police Enforce policies and activities, inspect and monitor work done by junior officials, act as appellate authority 15.2 L

Steps to Become a Police Officer To become a Police Officer, follow these steps:

  1. Be a citizen of India.
  2. Clear class 12th board exams.
  3. Apply for Police Constable positions through recruitment exams.
  4. Qualify in written and physical fitness rounds.
  5. Complete graduation and qualify for entrance exams such as UPSC CSE (IPS).
  6. Meet physical attributes and other requirements.

Courses to Become a Police Officer

Some key courses that can be pursued to become a Police Officer in India include:

Parameters Criminology Courses Political Science Courses Sociology Courses
Duration 3 years 3 years 3 years
Eligibility Undergraduation from a recognized university Undergraduation from a recognized university Undergraduation from a recognized university
Top Colleges University of Mysore, University of Madras, University of Bangalore Lady Shri Ram College, Christ University, Presidency College Jadavpur University, LD Arts College, Bharathiar University


Entrance Exams

Some of the top entrance exams conducted to enroll in the Indian Police Force are:

Entrance Exams Registration Date Registration Deadlines Exam Dates Result Dates
UPSC February 1, 2023 February 21, 2023 September 15, 2023 To be Notified
SSC GD Constable Exam February 22, 2023 March 31, 2023 January 10 – February 14, 2023 To be Notified
State Police Constable Exams February 22, 2023 March 31, 2023 January 10 – February 14, 2023 To be Notified
SSC CPO Exam July 2023 August 2023 November 9 – 11, 2023 To be Notified


Top Colleges

There are no specific courses required to become a Police Officer, so candidates from any discipline can join. Here are some top colleges for pursuing relevant courses:

Name of the Colleges Location Average Course Fees (INR)
Christ University Bangalore 50,000
Jadavpur University Kolkata 2,400
Jyoti Nivas Colleges Bangalore 20,492
Ranchi University Ranchi 2,850
Jaipur National University Jaipur 38,300
LD Arts Colleges Ahmedabad 1,085
Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University Kanpur 39,293
Barkatullah University Bhopal 9,795
Madhya Pradesh Bhoj University Bhopal 3,612
Gujarat Vidyapith Ahmedabad 11,830


Salary of a Police Officer

The average salary of a Police Officer in India depends on various factors such as designation, experience, and qualifications. On average, the starting salary is around INR 3 LPA – 3.5 LPA. Here is the average annual salary based on experience gained:

Experience Gained Average Annual Salary (INR)
0 – 5 years 3 L – 3.60 L
6 – 10 years 5.50 L – 6.90 L
11 – 15 years 10.4 L
16 – 20 years 10.5 L – 12.03 L
20 years & above 13 L & above

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